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How Fast Will My Spruce Trees Grow?
Norway, white, and blue spruce have different growth rates. When we talk about growth rates - of any tree - we are actually talking about growth rates over the life of the tree. Some trees may be categorized as fast growing but are very slow growing when they are young. Others are just the opposite.
The truth is, your spruce trees may not see the growth rates that are commonly advertised for Norway, white, and blue spruce until they are a few years old. It's important to note that growth rates can be much lower than normal due to yearly environmental conditions (such as excessive rain or drought) or if the tree is being transplanted in a fashion where its roots have been disturbed.
Our authentic potted spruce trees adapt well when put in the ground because their root systems have never been disturbed. This allows them to take off much faster and will give you the growth rates that you would expect as if the tree naturally grew there.
The information below will give you a better idea of what growth rates to expect from our trees if you plant them in a suitable location that has lots of sunshine, well-drained soil, and is free of competition from weeds.
Norway spruce is a fast growing conifer capable of putting on 18 - 24" of new growth per year. Those on the most pristine of sites may achieve 24"+ but that is the exception rather than the norm. Once again, this is over the course of the trees life. In most cases, you will not see growth rates like this until the tree is 4-5' tall permitting it was planted in a suitable location with lots of sun and well-drained soil.
Until they reach that height, your Norway spruce will likely grow 12-14" per year. Please note that the tree may be a little slower than that the first year it is in the ground.
If you are purchasing larger trees from us that are already 4-5' tall then you may achieve growth rates in the neighborhood of 18 - 24" quite rapidly. Once again, it may be a little slower than that the first year it is in the ground.
Norway spruce is versatile. They are more tolerant of weeds than the white or blue spruce. This is an advantage if you are planting your Norway spruce in goldenrod fields. They should do just fine there permitting they are at least 18" when you plant them. Norway spruce will often shoot for the sky when it is competing with tall goldenrod. As a result, don't be surprised if your Norway spruce shoots right up to be a skimpy tree at a height of 4 - 5' tall in just a couple of years. At that time, the tree may stall in its vertical growth while it fills in horizontally before going skyward again in a more uniform fashion.
White spruce is a medium growing tree. It is not as fast as a Norway but not as slow as a blue either. White spruce is also unique in that it is a columnar shaped spruce. The mature width of a white spruce is only 10 - 20'.
White spruce is capable of growing 12 - 18" per year once the tree reaches a height of 4-5'. Until that time, you will likely see 8 - 10" of new growth per year. White spruce remains condensed with a bushy appearance as they grow. They generally grow upward in a more uniform fashion unlike a Norway that likes to generate a very long, bare terminal leader before producing branches. This may not be apparent when the tree is younger but becomes more profound as the tree gets older.
White spruce also has another unique quality. It does well on wetter soils compared to other varieties of spruce. In such locations, growth rates may be slower. Please note: do not plant white spruce in standing water. Soils that stay moist are one thing. Standing water is a deal breaker for white spruce.
Blue spruce is a slow growing tree. Blue spruce will accomplish growth rates of 10 - 12" per year once it reaches a height of 4 - 5'. Until then, expect something around 6 - 8". Blue spruce thrives on clay soils that are high in pH. Those on alkaline (high pH) soils may exceed 12" per year but probably not by much.